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BIOLOGICAL BLACK MAGIC
Why Governments Are Covering-up Gulf War Syndrome
By David Guyatt
“The air raid siren went off.” Former RAF corporal Richie Turnbull wheezed and coughed as he spoke. He is one of tens of thousands of Gulf War vets who have been diagnosed with a fistful of illnesses attributed to his service in the Gulf War. These include emphysema, angina, asthma, arteriosclerosis, arthritis, short term memory loss, muscle wasting, cough syncope and numerous other debilitating ailments. Before deployment to the Gulf, Turnbull was an accomplished and superbly fit sub-aqua diver. Today, he walks with the aid of canes - slowly.
With understandable pride he told me how he had “proved Soames to be a liar three times.” The reference was to the former Conservative Minister of State for the Armed Forces, the Honourable Nicholas Soames MP. Many vets uncharitably call the former Minister “Fatty Soames” owing to his handsome girth. The appellation reflects the seething contempt of an individual who Vets regard as one of the principal architects of a monstrous transatlantic cover-up.
Turnbull was a Senior RAF Electrician in a Nuclear, Biological & Chemcial (NBC) unit, and an experienced instructor on NBC equipment. He was stationed at the giant military base located at Dhahran on the night of 20 January 1991, when air raid sirens began wailing madly. Incoming Scud missiles were detected and a nearby US Patriot battery fired off intercept missiles. One of the missiles downed the Scud which landed a mere 400 yards from Turnbull. The impact left an 8 foot deep crater but, curiously, the giant ground to ground missile did not explode. “All the nerve agents detectors sounded the alarm,” Turnbull recalls. As a NBC expert he ran three tests which confirmed the presence of “G agent,” otherwise known as Sarin - the deadly nerve agent developed by the Nazi’s in WW11. Turnbull ran a further three “Residual Vapour Detector Tests,” which also showed the presence of nerve agents. In all, he says, “33 items of equipment showed that “chemical weapons had been detected.”[i]
NBC Condition black was sounded and everyone on the base rushed to don their NBC “Noddy” suits. Incredibly, twenty minutes later an all clear siren (NBC condition white) sounded and troops removed their protective clothing accordingly. Twenty minutes later NBC condition black sounded again, and remained in force for a further 8 hours. Turnbull, who says he is “absolutely certain it was a chemical weapon attack,” is understandably angry. Sounding the all clear when nerve agents were shown to be present was “the biggest cock-up in history,” he said. Hundreds of troops were needlessly exposed to Sarin, he believes.[ii]
continues to be a thorn in the side of Britain’s Ministry of Defence
and the US Department of Defense.
Both maintain that chemical weapons were not intentionally
used by Saddam Hussein. A
spokesman at the Ministry of Defence had earlier told me that he
was a Royal Navy officer and was “in theatre” during the Gulf War.
He went on to personally assure me that had the Iraqi’s intentionally
used CB weapons “we would have retaliated in kind” - an allusion
to President Bush’s threat to retaliate with a nuclear strike if
Saddam Hussein unleashed his prodigious chemical armoury on coalition
troops. In the event
it was an empty threat… old-fashioned political rhetoric dished
out for the folks at home.
ATTACKS OR COCK-UP?
with mounting evidence of chemical weapon exposure by coalition
troops, both the British and US governments belatedly acknowledge
that chemical weapon dumps were bombed - or otherwise destroyed
- by coalition forces. They
even acknowledge that the resulting plume of toxic material, blown
by the wind, is likely to have exposed many thousands of coalition
troops to these deadly agents.
An unforeseen accident in other words.
This admission is known in intelligence parlance as a “limited
hangout” - a technique designed to show that they are now telling
the truth. They are
Eddington, a former CIA intelligence analyst in his book “Gassed
in the Gulf” scathingly uncovers the institutionalised dishonesty
within the CIA and the Department of Defence over GWS.[iii]
Reasonably, he argues that based on the increasing number
of Vets prepared to speak of their experiences, it is clear - beyond
all doubt - that coalition forces came under a series of Iraqi Chemical
and Biological weapon
Like Admiral Nelson placing a telescope over his blind eye
then exclaiming he can “see no ships,” the Mandarins in Whitehall
and Washington are wilfully blind to what they don’t care to acknowledge.
Yet, the evidence is overwhelming.
Bristow had served 20 years with the Territorial Army.
When not involved with his TA duties, Bristow was an operating
theatre technician at his local hospital.
He was mobilised on 27 December 1990, promoted to a Warrant
Officer, and sent to the 32 Field Hospital located at Wadi Al Batin,
just a few kilometres away from the town of Hafir Al Batin.[v]
On the 19 January 1991 he and other personnel watched as
a Scud missile roared overhead and exploded in an airburst.
He could clearly see a cloud of vapour discharge from the
Scud. The NBC alarms
scattered around the base, known as NAIADS, wailed loudly, alerting
the troops of “NBC Condition Black.”
“We were Scudded,” Bristow said, and the specialised equipment
detected the presence of chemical agents.[vi]
present at Wadi Al Batin that evening was former Sergeant Shaun
with 23 Para Regiment’s 5 Airborne Field Ambulance, Rusling was
an experienced Special Forces medic.
His duties were to attend to the sick and wounded of Britain’s
One Armoured Brigade. This
soon grew to encompass caring for other coalition forces and Iraqi
casualties too. He
watched the Scud explosion and saw the cloud of vapour bloom overhead. He also believes the unit came under artillery attack with
rounds containing chemical weapons.[vii]
Numerous boxes of 155 mm chemical ammunition were secretly
recovered by coalition troops in the Kuwait Theatre of Operations
(KTO) during the ground war and subsequent mopping-up operations.
Made in the USA they had been supplied to Iraq via Jordan.
were Scud and artillery bombardments isolated incidents.
Terry Walker was a Corporal with the Royal Army Ordnance
Corp and detached to a “Forward Repair Group” of an armoured workshop.
He was present at Al Jubayl when two Scuds exploded above
No prior warning was sounded.
This, he recalls was the “worst morning with two almighty
explosions above the Port .”
Immediately Chemical detectors madly sounded NBC Condition
Black, and was “followed by sheer panic with hundreds of guys running
for cover.” Walker
hid among the rocks of the Port “for about four five hours.”
Later, “an officer came along saying we’ve been hit with
chemical agents.” The
next day he and the other personnel on the base were told the cloud
vapour was nothing more than aircraft fuel leaking from a damaged
plane - an explanation he and the others disbelieve.
Aviation fuel does not trigger the NAIAD detectors.
Today, Walker suffers from a number of illnesses and strongly
believes there has been a massive cover-up.
“My wife is ill and my little girl is ill too,” he said during
a telephone interview, then added that his “medical notes from the
RAF hospital have gone missing.”
Al Jubayl attack was also witnessed by Sergeant Major Paul Grant
who commanded a team of Royal Army Ordnance Corp specialists.
On the early hours of 19 January 1991, Grant was awoken by
a distinctive overhead explosion.
He is in no doubt, whatsoever, that this was an airburst,
not a ground explosion. NAIADS
detectors began sounding NBC Condition Black.
The first explosion was followed by a second airburst explosion.
Around the base loudspeakers warned “this is not a drill.”
His story corroborates that of other Vets I have interviewed.
Scud chemical attacks were not limited to Al Jubayl.[ix]
despite this testimony these and other Vets continue to be treated
with official contempt. As
recently as January 1997, the Countess of Mar posed a Parliamentary
question in the House of Lords which asked if the MoD had any “documentary
evidence of chemical warfare” in the Gulf conflict.
A curious question which was limited only to “chemical attack.”
Questions regarding the use of “biological” weapons remain
unutterable. In his reply, the Earl Howe stated that research conducted
by the MoD “does not indicate any confirmed use of chemical warfare
agents during the conflict.”
It is an even more curious answer.
Who, conceivably could “confirm” the use of chemical weapons
other than those trained soldiers - present during a chemical attack?”
Likewise, the tens of thousands of “detection’s” triggered
by chemical agent detectors throughout the conflict are simply categorised
as “alleged detection’s,” which were “uncorroborated at the time.”
Again, a careful and deceitful choice of words.[x][xi]
behind the intentional use of chemical agents by Iraq lurks a far
more sinister story. Hitherto,
it has not being told in any detail.
Biological weapons, unlike chemical agents, don’t just kill
on the battlefield. Survivors
returning home carry with them the potential seeds of destruction.
These, in turn, can infect the families of Gulf War vets
- a fact that is now occurring.
Importantly, the British and US governments were well aware of the potential use of both chemical and biological weapons by Saddam Hussein. They had, after all, supplied him with the wherewithal to develop his ferocious CB armoury. This included sophisticated equipment together with the necessary chemical precursors and biological cultures. This knowledge led the British and US governments to vaccinate their troops with a “cocktail” designed to protect them against both chemical and biological attack. Vaccines given to coalition troops included amongst others Anthrax, Botulism and Bubonic Plague . Cultures for all three had been supplied to Iraq by the US government during the middle-late 1980’s for use in their CB weapons programme.[xii]
BIO WEAPONS & THE SECRET TEAM
personnel were infected with Anthrax spores.”
Angus Parker spoke with quiet certainty. I had interviewed a number of Gulf War veterans who recounted
their experiences of coming under chemical and biological (CB) attack
from the Iraqi’s. All
are angry and frustrated at the stonewalling attitude of Britain’s
Ministry of Defence regarding their numerous illnesses which fall
under the catch-all banner of Gulf War Syndrome.
Eventually, one vet had given me a telephone number saying
“You should speak to Angus.”
Parker was cautious, but after a few minutes warmed to his story.
Methodically, he first outlined for me the existing Soviet
battlefield doctrine associated with Scud missiles armed with Chemical
and Biological weapons. This
is known, Parker said as “a mixed load.”
The Scud warhead would typically consist of a combination
of explosives, chemical and biological agents of mixed intensities. The explosive would be small, but sufficient to ensure that
the CB mixture would form a wide vapour plume over the target.
The bulk of the warhead would contain a deathly cocktail
of Chemical and Biological weapons.
former soldier in the Territorial Army, Parker operated for a top
secret British unit. He
has never before gone on record with the following story, but frustration
mixed with growing anger has led him to, in his own words “blow
this wide open.”
the Injection of 12 vaccines in one morning, Parker reacted to them.
As a result he was hospitalised and his deployment to the
Gulf delayed. “I was
left behind and got out on the last days of the ground war,” he
said. This and his
civilian occupation as a technician in a haematology lab resulted
in being attached to the “1st Field Laboratory Unit,”
known as “The Secret Team.” The unit “existed only once before in World War One, but was
mothballed until the Gulf War,” Parker stated, adding that when
he returned from the Gulf he was told that “I was not to disclose
the nature or role of the team I was serving with.”
So secret was the unit that “it does not appear in any listing,”
Angus Parker has revealed is extremely disturbing.
The 1st Field Laboratory Unit was composed of
40 men working in 8 teams of five.
It had been deployed from Porton Down, Britain’s biological
warfare headquarters. Parker,
ranked sergeant, was second in command of one of the five man teams.
“As the biological warfare recconaisance team, we were sampling
the environment looking for biological weapons,” he said, adding
“…this was “difficult and hard to do.
We could only identify four agents - Plague, Anthrax, Botulism
toxin A & B… that’s all.” Effectively, the specialised equipment they had to work with
to identify bio-weapons were not very sophisticated. Parker confirms that his unit found numerous positive samples
of biological organisms that couldn’t be analysed and identified
on the battlefield. “Many,
many more were present,” than the four they could identify.
Positive samples were collected and shipped in freezer units
to Boscombe Down for analysis by the Porton Down CB specialists.
in addition to confirming that his unit positively identified the
presence of Anthrax at Dhahran, he also revealed that another team
of the 1st Field Laboratory Unit identified the presence
of Plague at Wadi Al Batin.
Parker has tried in vain to get other members of his unit
to come forward and speak openly, but they are too scared to do
so. “They’re not sick
and still have their jobs,” he explained.
is not alone in revealing the use of biological weapons in the Gulf
War. US Marine Corps
battlefield logs released under the Freedom of Information Act confirm
the findings of Porton Down’s “Secret Team.”
On 24 February 1991, the US Army’s 513th Military
Intelligence Brigade confirmed the use of Anthrax at King Khalid
However, like events in Britain, important and potentially
incriminating records have mysteriously gone “missing.”
Two US Marines at Camp Pendleton, San Diego went on the record
to say they observed “hundreds of records from the Gulf war being
This and numerous other accounts of records being destroyed
and “missing” can only lead to charges of a massive “Gulf-Wargate”
Senate Report entitled “Arming Iraq: The Export of Biological Materials
and the Health of Gulf War Veterans,” underscores the biological
threat possessed by the Iraqi’s.
More often referred to as the “Riegle Report,” named after
it’s author Donald J. Riegle Jr, the report itemises biological
cultures supplied to Iraq by the US.
Riegle and his team identified no less than 61 batches of
biologically hazardous materials exported to Iraq.
“Between the years 1985 and 1989, the United States Government
approved the sales of quantities of potentially lethal biological
agents that could have been cultured and grown in very large quantities
in an Iraqi biological warfare program,” Riegle stated. These included
Pathogenic materials “which means disease-producing items, and toxigenic,
meaning poisonous items.”[xvii]
The report adds that “…we were not able to get any records
prior to 1985.” Riegle
then went on to read an extract from a Department of Defense summary
report written in 1992.
the time of the invasion of Kuwait, Iraq had developed biological
weapons. It’s advanced
and aggressive biological warfare program was the most advanced
in the Arab world. The
program probably began in the 1970’s and concentrated on the development
of two agents, botulinum toxin and anthrax bacteria…Delivery means
for biological agents ranged from simple aerial bombs and artillery
rockets to surface-to-surface missiles.”
biological agents provided by the US to Saddam Hussein’s biological
warfare programme included histoplasma capsulatum, which can cause
symptoms resembling tuberculosis and lead to the enlargement of
the liver and spleen as well as anaemia and skin disease - symptoms
that many Veterans now exhibit.
Another organism was Brucella melintensis which when weaponised
causes chronic fatigue, profuse sweating and loss of appetite, joint
pains, insomnia, nausea and can potentially result in major damage
to the vital organs. Again,
these symptoms reflect the conditions experienced by thousands of
Gulf War veterans. In
addition to the foregoing, shipments to Iraq also included “E. Coli
and genetic materials, human and bacterial DNA.”[xviii]
at the way the Defense Department have side-stepped these disgraceful
issues, Riegle fired off a volley of letters to various officials.
One letter identified that the “average cost” of each of
the various biological specimens shipped to Iraq, was “less than
$60.00, and that they were acquired from a not-for-profit organisation.”[xix]
also circulate of a genetically engineered organism being used in
the Gulf War is paralleled by British vets who also claim the use
of a modified mycoplasma organism.
This included Angus Parker who had earlier said it was “an
infectious organism manufactured in the US.”
Oddly enough, this is one of the enduring aspects of the
Octopus story involving engineered bio-organisms supplied to Iraq
by Wackenhut Corp, the giant US private-sector security company
who’s Board of Directors reads like a roll call of military and
intelligence alumni. It
is an allegation supported by US investigative journalist Carol
Marshall, in her manuscript called “The Last Circle.[xx]”
had spent years investigating the allegations of Michael Riconosciuto
- a former CIA scientific whiz-kid.
Working for the Wackenhut Corp, at their Cabazon Indian tribe
facility, Riconosciuto claimed to have developed advanced and genetically
altered biological warfare agents.
One, he claimed was a “race specific” organism genetically
engineered to attack certain races or groups.
Unleashed it could kill or render ill all those of a particular
ethnic group, leaving others entirely unharmed.
Clearly, the possibility of genetically modified bio-weapons
having been used in the Gulf War cannot be entirely ruled out.[xxi]
in the US Army War College publication dated
July 25, 1994, entitled “The Revolution in Military Affairs
and Conflict Short of War,” authors Steven Metz and James Kievit
also discuss this touchy subject.
On page 16 they state “Certain
biotechnical weapons - considered by some to violate the biological
warfare convention to which the United States is a signatory - also
may transgress American Values regarding appropriate means.”
They go on to ask “Could the government and military of this multi-ethnic republic face charges
that it was developing or using a weapon targeting Africans, Jews
Koreans, Hispanics etc?”
The authors then conclude “Overcoming
these constraints… would require fundamental changes in the United
States - an ethical and political revolution may be necessary to
make a military revolution.”
This, the authors “hypothesise” could be achieved by re-modelling
the way Americans think and also via the effective control of news
management using “advanced psychotechnolgy” and other techniques
such a “morphing.”
genetically engineered biological weapons are now available, it is
certain that there will have been developed the necessary antidotes
in the form of vaccines. All
of the Vets I interviewed for this article spoke of the large number
of vaccines they were injected with.
Sean Rusling received 24 vaccinations over a four week period.
Two of these vaccinations are classified secret, and were,
he believes “experimental.”
Richard Turnbull got a dose of 13 inoculations in just ten
minutes. Four of them
were unidentified and classified secret.
He also believes them to have been experimental.
Ray Bristow was informed in a letter from Brigadier McDermott
of the MoD, that some of his injections were also classified.
Later he was informed by The Surgeon General, Admiral Revell,
that this was not the case and that Brigadier McDermott’s statement
many vaccines were classified secret?
Surgeon General Vice Admiral Revell, during a “Behind Closed
Doors” meeting of Parliaments Defence Committee, was asked “How
many vaccines do we not admit to?”
His replied saying: “I
think probably about five or six.” [xxii]
All previously classified vaccinnes were declassified on
10 December 1996, according to a letter dated 20 January 1997 from
the Ministry of Defence. A
spokesman at the MoD confirmed this in a telephone call on Friday,
30 May 1997, adding that there were only three
vaccines that had ever
been classified. These
were, he told me: Anthrax, Pertussis and Plague.
This statement is confirmed in a letter to Shaun Rusling
dated 20 January 1997, in which the Ministry of Defence confide
“the vaccines you were given against potential biological warfare
threats were anthrax, pertussis (as an adjuvant) and plague.
These are the only vaccinations which have ever been classified.”
A far cry from the testimony of Surgeon General Revell in
the closed door hearings of the Defence Committee in which he said
there were “five or six” vaccines were not “admitted to.”
posed this discrepancy to the Ministry of Defence.
Surgeon General Revell’s testimony before the Defence Committee
was “a misunderstanding,” the MoD spokesman said.
Despite this “misunderstanding,” the medical records of Corporal
Richard Turnbull clearly state that four vaccines were classified
secret, not three. Nor
is Turnbull alone in this respect.
Ray Bristow’s list of shots, including Anthrax (batch no.
0190), Plague (batch no. 10H03A) and Peratussin Adjuvant (batch
no. B1868a) - to name just those three that were officially classified
- also detail two other vaccines labelled “biological.”
These are still classified secret and their contents remain
“unknown.” The story
is identical for Shaum Rusling even down to the same batch numbers
of the vaccines he received.[xxiii]
Surgeon General, Vice Admiral Revell stated in one letter
“Unfortunately, medical record
keeping in the Gulf was not as thorough as it should have been…”
and that, as a consequence details of certain vaccinations are now
missing - a position that remains the governments official line.
number of Vets now believe they have been used as unwitting Guinea
pigs and are deeply concerned at what, precisely, may have been
pumped into them. Once again, Porton Down’s Angus Parker dropped another bomshell.
Patiently, he explained that “the MoD has not been totally
honest about the vaccines used against us.”
I couldn’t help but catch his use of the word “against”us
instead of “on” us. Clearly
he now considers the Ministry of Defence and others in the Whitehall
bureaucracy to have become bitter enemies - and is by no means alone
in holding that view. A
few Vets repeatedly warned me that the “Security Services” are paying
them close attention. Some
have had their phones tapped and others experience peculiar mail
Parker went on to reveal the chemical structure of one of the vaccines
that are still, apparently, “not admitted to.”
“There is an experimental vaccine - an AIDS vaccine,” he
said. This “has been
around since approximately 1990.
He went on to explain that this vaccine contains two components.
One component is known as a “Cytokine.”
This, Parker, said is an “immune potentiator.” It works like a “chemical messenger sent between different
cells in the body.” When
it detects a foreign organism, “it actually stimulates a response
by the human immune system,” to fight and, hopefully, destroy the
alien organism present.
analysis of this component was confirmed by a spokesman for London’s
Biochemical Society, who added that it was “feasible” that Cytokines
could be “purified and cloned” and used to fight “against any agent.”
The spokesman added, moreover, that Cytokines were very “hush-hush,”
were “cutting edge technology” and “logically” would have
been “adopted by the military.”
They were, she added, “experimental.”
to Parker, the second component consisted of experimental HIV gene
envelopes. Parker went
on to explain one of the basic problems with this experimental vaccine.
Whereas Cytokines readily drop out of the body after awhile,
“fragments” of the HIV genes do not.
Although there may have been “good operational reasons” for
topping-up the vaccine with HIV genes, Parker acknowledged that
no one knows the long term consequences.
“it was experimental” he emphasised, and had been originally
developed by Porton Down as an AIDS vaccine. [xxiv]
question of HIV gene envelopes was put to the Biochemical Society’s
spokesman, who stated that these envelopes “can be created to be
specifically resistant to CBW.”
The spokesman went on to explain that gene envelopes are
effectively, the “walls” that surround the nucleus of each cell
and are thus, the first line of defence against diseases - whether
they be naturally acquired or as a result of CB weapon attack.
HIV gene envelopes are one of the most powerful and resistant
known to science, she added.
Beverley of the Edward Jenner Institute for vaccine Research could
think of no theoretical reason why HIV gene envelopes would be used
other than to “stimulate a response against HIV.”
He went on to speculate that had HIV gene envelopes used
in a vaccine, logically, this would only have occurred as protection
against a possible attack using HIV as a bio-weapon.
There was, he felt, no other conceivable reason, but added,
that had such a vaccine been “given to Gulf War soldiers it would
have been speculative.”
picture that emerges is confusing.
The use of Cytokines does have a rational explanation in
that they trigger the bodies immune system.
As such they could be an ideal general vaccine for use in
a CB warfare setting. The
rationale of using HIV gene envelopes is, however, less certain
and considerably more perplexing.
In the last analysis there is not enough available detailed
information in regard to the HIV gene envelopes to reach anything
but a speculative conclusion.
Some weeks prior to my interview with Professor Beverley,
Angus Parker had told me in a throw away comment “I don’t even want
to get in to AIDS as a weapon.”
At that time nor did I.
Professor Beverley’s certitude that this is the only conceivable
reason why HIV gene envelopes would have been used, leaves a sour
taste in my mouth.
for clarity’s sake I leave the last word with Angus Parker.
Told of Professor Beverley’s theory he remained adamant that
there was another reason why HIV gene envelopes had been used. His information, he insisted, came directly from the horse’s
mouth. I am inclined to accept what he has revealed. At the outbreak of the Gulf War there were not enough stocks
of Cytokines to go around.
Thus a decision was made to top them up with the HIV gene
envelopes which, he assured me, act in a very similar fashion to
Cytokines: they trigger the bodies immune system.
Significantly, this had been confirmed by Professor Beverley
when he said “they do indeed trigger and regulate the way the body
relates to pathogens.”[xxvi]
Parker’s revelations - if proved true - are stunning.[xxvii]
The secret use of an experimental vaccine on British military
personnel may be one of the most significant reasons why the Ministry
of Defence continue to stonewall Vets about the vaccines they received.
To admit to involuntary human testing on such a sensitive
issue will lead to a public relations disaster of huge proportions.
As one ill Vet told me “I was ordered to volunteer” for the
shots. He now wishes
he hadn’t. The second
potential reason clearly opens a can of worms about the possible
development of HIV as a biological weapon.[xxviii]
there are other equally powerful reasons to keep the lid on the
Gulf War Syndrome story. Pat
Eddington, the former CIA analyst has no doubt that the principal
reason for the US governments stonewalling tactic is to cover-up
the supply of CB weapons to Iraq prior to the Gulf War.
For the US government to admit to such cynical irresponsibility
would result in public outrage, Eddington says.
Eddington also chastises the Senate whose members selfishly
refuse to act against the wishes of the Pentagon.
Their delinquency of duty has resulted in the side-lining
of in excess of 100,000 Gulf War veterans who now exhibit a range
of symptoms typical of chemical, and in some case, biological attack.
In this “business as usual” scenario, Eddington also reserves
some powder and shot for the major media who are largely willing
to accept - at face value - the cloying PR handouts from the Department
of Defence. Hopelessly
abandoned by one and all, many thousands of vets have now died as
a result of their chemically inspired battle injuries, adding even
more incentive to the Pentagon to continue the cover-up.
in the last analysis the reasons surrounding the British and US
governments disgraceful obfuscation are many.
Certainly, the prior supply of CB weapons to Iraq is enough
to make many government officials quake with the fear of disgrace.
It is a similar rationale that continues to eclipse the illegal
use of experimental, unlicensed and highly sensitive drugs.
Not least, however, is the knowledge that defence against
chemical and biological weapon attacks is utterly shambolic. Pat Eddington states that CBW protective suits and gas masks
are: “a)notoriously defective and b) in very short supply—two problems
that have yet to be corrected more than six years later.”
He adds “That’s not something the Pentagon wants to advertise
to the likes of Hashemi Rafsanjani, Kim Jong 11, or Colonel Qaddafi.”[xxix]
few can doubt the intelligence services of North Korea, Iran or
Libya are already aware of the published shortcomings of US and
British CBW protective equipment.
A more significant fear may be the realisation inside the
Pentagon and the Ministry of Defence that their own troops will
be less than willing to wade into a future CB battle zone virtually
only with an uncertain dose of HIV but the certain knowledge that
- thanks to the grace of greed and military commercialism - those
chemical and biological organisms you are about to inhale and absorb
have “made at home” stencilled all over them… would you volunteer
for military service?
The 20 Jan 91 CB attack on Dhahran is confirmed in US CENTCOM
battlefield logs obtained under FOIA.
Delivery was via a Scud missile.
telephone interview with this writer dated 12 may 1997.
Published by Insignia Publishing Co, Washington (http://www.InsigniaUSA.com)
[iv] Eddington convincingly argues
- based on captured Iraqi documents - that chemical and bio-warfare
agents were used in non-lethal doses.
This explains why coalition troops did not keel over and
die immediately. Iraqi
CB doctrine was to use low, but repetitive doses, which they calculated
would produce greater long term damage, Eddington says.
US CENTCOM logs confirmed a later Scud attack on Hafir Al Batin
on 14 February 1991
Telephone interview with this writer dated 13 May 1997
Telephone interview with this writer dated 13 May 1997
The Al Jubayl incident is the most comprehensively documented
case of CB attack by the Iraqi’s.
Records obtained under FOIA indicate that Scuds were not
used. Delivery of
the CB weapon was almost certainly as a result of aircraft penetration,
possibly a Russian manufactured Sukhoi (SU 22 “Fitters”) fighter-bomber.
Telephone interview with this writer dated 15 May 1997
Parliamentary Q & A’s in this writer’s possession
A total of 55 incidents have been recorded to date by US CENTCOM
logs. CB attacks
began on 17 January 1991 and continued throughout the ground war
in all major sectors.
See report by Senator Donald Riegle to Senate dated 9 February
1994. Bacillis Antracasis
Cohn and Clostridium
Botulinum type A were shipped on 2 May 1988.
In all, Riegle was able to identify no less than 61 biological
cultures supplied to Iraq between 1985-9.
Some of these included human gene clones.
Telephone interview with this writer dated 13 & 14th
I have been given a copy of a MoD written statement regarding
the 1st Field Laboratory Unit which states “We can
confirm that this unit operated in the Gulf.
It’s primary task was related to the detection of biological
warfare agents, of which there was a real and compelling threat.
As part of their work they were monitoring the effectiveness
of the biological immunisation programme
See Covert Action Quarterly article “Gulf War Syndrome Covered
Up” by Dennis Bernstein.
Page 3 the Riegle Report.
Page 5 the Riegle Report.
Riegle’s letter to William Perry, Defense Secretary, dated 9 February
Running to 140 pages, the manuscript is a comprehensive investigation
into the so called “Octopus.”
Significantly, the International Committee of the Red Cross are
concerned at the developments of “genetic weapons” and fear that
“the possibility exists for their misuse for political ends.”
The ICRC are warn that developments may, or could be taking
place of gene/race specific weapons.
See “Expert Meeting on Certain Weapon Systems and on Implementation
mechanisms in International War” published by the ICRC, Geneva
A copy of this memorandum is in my possession.
The only difference is that Rusling received a Hepatitis B jab,
whereas Bristow received Hepatitis A.
In all other respects their lists of vaccines are identical
- including two that remain classified.
[xxiv] Parker states that he has received confirmation of the use of the HIV gene vaccine from a well placed and extremely knowledgeable source, who he is unable to identify.
[xxv] I understand Porton Down
deny any involvement in HIV research, but see below.
I couldn’t help but note the use of the plural, a usage that seems
inconsistent with his otherwise firm statement.
had taken me two days and numerous phone calls before I was able
to make final contact Prof. Beverley.
I had been given his number by an individual working in
the field of immunology. Unbeknownst to me at the time, this individual had contacted
Porton Down, revealing the interest and direction of my questions
- a fact she revealed the following day when I phoned back with
an additional question.
Meanwhile, Angus Parker was told, via a circuitous route,
that the MoD were very “displeased” with him for talking to me.
A Paranoid may well consider that two days “in the world
of shadows,” is a very long time indeed?
[xxvii] It also raises the question
why Britain’s top secret bio-warfare lab is involved in developing
an AIDS vaccine? The
possibility that AIDS has been “weaponised” - apparently a technical
possibility - is an old and largely discounted story attributed
to a cold war disinformation campaign.
[xxviii] Or, perhaps disinformation?
Correspondence with this writer.
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