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Were British & American intelligence involved in the murder of WPC Yvonne Fletcher?
17 April 1984, a hail of gunfire echoed around the prestigious and
normally serene St. James Square, London.
Located in one corner of the square, was Muammar Qaddafi’s
Libyan People’s Bureau. The
eleven-round burst, from a Sterling automatic assault weapon felled
a number of anti Qaddafi “demonstrators” protesting outside the Libyan
Bureau. Killed outright
was Woman Police Constable (WPC) Yvonne Fletcher.
investigators found weapons and shell-casing on the first floor of
the Libyan Bureau. Intelligence
sources later revealed, in secret, that they had intercepted a message
from Qaddafi, 24 hours prior to the shooting, authorising officials
inside the London Bureau to open fire against the demonstrators.
Public outrage ensured the expulsion of all Libyan diplomats
from British soil.
months later, at 2 a.m. on Monday, 14 April 1985, 30 US Air Force
and Navy bombers thundered through the night sky above Libya.
Of those, eight F111 bombers were tasked with killing Qaddafi.
The attack followed the La Belle discotheque bombing in West
Berlin, nine days earlier. One
US serviceman and a young Turkish woman had been killed outright,
and 230 people injured. The
discotheque was known as a hangout for off duty US servicemen.
Claiming he had irrefutable proof of Libyan sponsorship for
the atrocity, an indignant President Reagan immediately authorised
continued public hostility against Libya following WPC Fletcher’s
murder, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, authorised the launch of
F111 bombers from a USAF base in East Anglia.
Asleep in a Bedouin tent inside Tripoli’s Golden Gate barracks
as the bombers struck, Qaddafi escaped injury.
His fifteenth-month-old adopted daughter was killed and two
sons badly wounded.
involvement of Conservative MP, Sir Teddy Taylor in the Fletcher story
began during the late mid-eighties.
The MP had been participating in a government backed initiative
to repair diplomatic relations with Libya, following the expulsion
of all their diplomats in the post Fletcher fury.
Foreign Office officials would never admit it publicly, they viewed
Qaddafi with some sympathy. He wasn’t a fundamentalist, his regime did most of it’s business
with the west, plus there were 6,500 British ex-pats living and working
in Libya. Rapprochement
was called for.
as an “honest broker” between the Foreign Office and Libya, Sir Teddy
negotiated Libyan agreement to a secret Foreign Office plan.
Returning home in sprightly mood, Sir Teddy was devastated
to learn that the government had decided to renege on the deal.
Worse still, selected details of the plan were leaked to the
media which sought to eclipse Foreign Office authorship by placing
the entire blame on the MP’s shoulders.
There followed a cat and mouse game.
Ultimately, Sir Teddy was able to prove his innocence and received
an official letter of apology.
However, the dame age had been done and the MP began taking
an interest in the Fletcher case.
1992, British citizen, Joe Vialls, was rummaging around in his old
files looking for material for a book he was writing.
Now living in Australia, Vialls’ was a Hughes Tool Company
employee at the time of Fletcher’s murder.
During his search, he came across documents he thought were
“dynamite.” They revealed
the existence of what he believed to be an “ultra low-key” Hughes
Tool Co., office at 8 St. James Square, adjacent to the Libyan People’s
the Hughes organisation had sometimes fronted for CIA personnel, Vialls
grew suspicious. Scrutinising
a BBC film taken in St. James Square at the time of the murder, he
concluded the fatal shot came from the little known Hughes building.
Certain he possessed damning evidence of a British-US intelligence
conspiracy to kill WPC Fletcher, Vialls decided to take action.
In every respect except one, Vialls’ was wrong.
However, his belief that British and American intelligence
were behind Fletcher’s murder is now borne out by new evidence.
arrival of Joe Vialls letter at Channel Four Television renewed their
interest in Fletcher’s murder.
They considered Vialls’ information suspicious enough to require
detailed investigation, and contacted Fulcrum Productions, a highly
regarded documentary film company.
Providing them with Vialls’ BBC film analysis and other documents,
Fulcrum set about a comprehensive investigation.
The alarming results of their meticulous research were broadcast
in a Channel Four Television, Dispatches
programme during April 1996.
first stop was with Coroner, Paul Knapman, who presided over the Fletcher
inquest. An attempt to
“marry” the original autopsy report with the inquest report proved
difficult. Knapman refused
the film-makers access to the autopsy findings, despite the request
being routed through Yvonne Fletcher’s mother.
Receiving advice from Professor Bernard Knight, a leading British
Consultant Pathologist, Fulcrum re-submitted his request - noting
it conformed to requirements of the Coroner’s Act .
The report was eventually released.
a number of inconsistencies were evident.
Foremost was the original findings of Pathologist, Dr. Ian
West, who wrote in his autopsy report: “…the
angle of the bullet wound track indicates that she [WPC Fletcher]
was shot in the back by a person situated at a considerably higher
level… the track would indicate that she had been shot from the upper
floors of an adjacent building [to the Libyan People’s Bureau].”
Dr West noted that the bullets entry track was consistent with
an angle of 60-70 degrees. During
later evidence given at the inquest, West changed his mind.
Now he agreed with Police investigators that the bullet had
come from the first floor of the Libyan people’s Bureau - signifying
an entry wound of only 15 degrees.
This unusual change in heart was to prove vital.
the evidence, Prof. Knight found Dr. West’s amendments strange.
“I can’t understand it,” he said.
Hugh Thomas, former Chief Consultant to the British Army in
Northern Ireland - and an acknowledged expert on gunshot wounds -
concluded that Dr. West’s testimony at the inquest was “rubbish.”
Adding that it was “facile” and a “nonsense,” he concluded
that the updated scenario West painted for the Coroner was “impossible.”
Backtracking over the Post Mortem report, Thomas was convinced
that the bullet that struck WPC Fletcher must’ve come from the upper
floors of an adjacent building.
Totalling five floors, the Libyan building simply didn’t have
a high enough elevation for the killer shot.
examination also showed the bullet’s “energy” was depleted and the
round was “tumbling” as it hit the police officer.
The tumbling effect and the “terminal velocity” are consistent
with the use of silencers. Significantly,
these effects are even more pronounced following the removal of part
of the bullet’s propellant, creating a “low velocity” and, equally
importantly, a less audible discharge.
The latter is a known technique of British SAS snipers.
The damage caused by a bullet doctored in this way is horrific.
The “tumbling” bullet tears through the body, ripping tissue
and vital organs beyond repair.
Whoever shot Yvonne Fletcher was aware it was a death shot
in every sense.
automatic weapon used inside the Libyan Bureau - a 9 millimetre Sterling
sub-machine gun - was not silenced.
The sharp sounds of it’s eleven rapid-fire rounds being discharged
were caught on BBC videotape and analysed by an audio expert for the
Dispatches team. An additional
videotape was also analysed.
It proved to be critically important.
Taken by an amateur, the film caught the sound of a “duller”
gunshot two seconds after
the Libyan gunman ceased firing.
The evidence was irrefutable - a twelfth bullet had been fired.
What started off as a conspiracy theory in Australia, was fast
becoming a conspiracy fact in London.
SURVEILLANCE OR SET-UP?
Dispatches team next learned that British and US Intelligence were
running a major surveillance post on the upper floors of No 3 St.
James Square, next door to the Libyan People’s Bureau.
Tom Peile, former security officer at No 3, revealed that as
many as 40 intelligence officers were active at the surveillance post
in the weeks prior to the shooting. Locations at No3 and No 4 St. James Square were previously
used as listening posts before that.
included signals interception - reading telephone and telex traffic
- the use of sophisticated microphones to pick up conversations and,
where possible, physically planting “bugs” inside the Bureau itself.
In addition, MI6, MI5, CIA and the Special Branch had human
“sources” within the Bureau who were providing regular updates.
Significantly, MI5 knew the Libyans had a cache of guns sealed
in a cabinet on the first floor of the Bureau.
They were all 9 millimetre calibre weapons - the same calibre
bullet that killed Fletcher.
no intelligence personnel arrived to man the surveillance post on
the day of the shooting. This fact, in view of the previous days signals intercept that
shooting had been authorised, must be viewed with the gravest concern.
Serious questions also surround the nature of the anti Qaddafi
demonstrators who had gathered outside the Bureau on that fateful
day. Many were aligned
with the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, a CIA funded front
well placed and knowledgeable source has told This
Writer that the fatal shot almost certainly came from the upper
floors of No. 3 St. James Square - location of the secret joint MI5/CIA
surveillance post. The
operation was engineered to create public outrage that would have
hardened the existing “soft” view of Libya by the British government.
We were also told that the operation “planners” were concerned
that deaths of Libyan protesters by Qaddafi’s own assassin, wouldn’t
be enough to mobilise the government to take extreme retaliatory measures. Consequently, an additional target was chosen that was certain
to inflame public opinion. Yvonne
Fletcher was the sacrificial lamb.
1984, Reagan administration insiders believed the Qaddafi card “could
be Ronald Reagan’s victory” in the forthcoming Presidential elections,
due in November 1994. Anti
Libyan sabre rattling became part of the Reagan team strategy, and
played well to “middle American” voters.
A tour of European capitals by US officials found no appetite
on the part of their NATO allies to support US military action against
Libya. The Fletcher killing hardened British government attitudes
to Libya, and Qaddafi was later targeted by US bombers flying from
British bases… previously unthinkable.
receiving a severe mauling by Sir Teddy Taylor and Labour MP, Tam
Dalyell, in a House of Commons debate this summer, the Government
views the new facts disclosed by the Dispatches programme with a contemptuous
wave of the hand. Why?
The theory goes that ruthlessly conned, the government is now
unable to openly accuse its closest ally of this tragic murder.
Nor does it care to address the unpalatable fact that elements
within Britain’s own security service are out of control.
It is far too easy to have one’s political career ruined by
slur and innuendo in today’s free for all media - a technique intelligence
operatives excel at.
years later another atrocity was to occur that again involved Libya,
Britain and the United States.
The Lockerbie story also witnessed some very peculiar activities
on the part of British and US intelligence.
This time, though, suitcases of cash, shipments of Heroin and
a “missing” body remain at the centre of an on-going controversy.
dates Libya and the US
Ronald Reagan elected US President
US expels Libyan diplomats
US fighters shoot down two Libyan fighters
WPC Yvonne Fletcher murdered outside Libyan people’s Bureau,
Ronald Reagan re-elected in landslide victory.
Libyan government assets frozen by President Reagan
Tripoli bombed by US warplanes
Vice President and former Director CIA, George Bush elected
Pan Am 103 bombed above Lockerbie
US threatens Libya with possible use of Nuclear weapon
MP Sir Teddy Taylor says US claims of Libyan
in La Belle Disco “total rubbish.”
US Presidential elections due
Reagan Presidential Directives
August 16, 1994, President Reagan signed a National Security Decision
Directive (NSDD) classified as Top Secret and bearing the code word
“VEIL.” A central theme
was to bring about a change of leadership in Libya.
Said to be predominantly concerned with disinformation and
psy-ops, the NSDD - entitled “Psychological Warfare against Libya”
- remains classified to this day.
Amongst a host of other still classified NSDD’s signed by President
Reagan, is one entitled “Legal Protection for Clandestine Killing
William Casey “anything goes”
observers look towards former CIA Director, William Casey, as the
probable author of the Fletcher assassination.
Formerly Reagan’s Campaign Manager during the 1980 election,
Casey didn’t mind getting his hands dirty.
His involvement in a number of highly illegal activities during
his term of office at the CIA are well documented.
Probably more than any other person in the Reagan administration,
Casey was obsessed with over-throwing Qaddafi, who he called a “Bastard.” Removing Qaddafi from office, by whatever means it took, became
de facto policy. Whether
the Fletcher murder was part of that policy, we may never know for
sure. Casey died in 1987.
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